Cor. Franklin and Madison Sts.
CIRCULAR OF INFORMATION
Session of 1901 - 1902
Begins Oct. 2, 1901.
LAST DAY ON WHICH STUDENTS MAY ENTER THIS SESSION AND
RECEIVE CREDIT FOR FULL TERM'S ATTENDANCE,
OCTOBER 12, 1901,
The Bulletin of Northwestern University Dental School is published
quarterly by Northwestern University. Entered at the
Postoffice in Chicago as second- class mail matter.
Examination of Credentials for Admission
Opening Exercises at 7:30 P. M.Wednesday.
Examination for Advanced Standing.
First Semester ends. Christmas Vacation
Christmas Vacation closed. Second Sem-
Junior and Freshman Examination.
Session of 1901 - 1902 begins.
Note. — Return Tickets for students going home for Christmas
vacation will be given out only on December 21.
William Deering . . President.
The Hon. Oliver Harvey Horton, LL.D. . ..First Vice-President.
The Hon. H. H. C. Miller, A.M Second Vice-President.
Frank Philip Crandon, A.M Secretary.
George Peck Merrick, LL.B '. Assistant Secretary.
Robert Dickinson Sheppard, D.D Agent and Treasurer.
TERM EXPIRES IN ICjOI.
Norman Waite Harris Chicago.
Nathan Smith Davis, Jr., A.M., M.D Chicago.
Harvey Bostwick Hurd, LL.D Evanston.
John Richard Lindgren Evanston.
Alexander Hamilton Revell Chicago.
The Hon. H. H. C. Miller, A.M Evanston.
Charles Busby Chicago.
The Hon. Elbert Henry Ga-ry New York City.
Milton Hollyday Wilson Evanston.
TERM EXPIRES IN IQ02.
Edmund Andrews, M.D., LL.D Chicago.
Nathan Smith Davis, M.D., LL.D Chicago.
Henry Sargent Towle, LL.B Chicago.
Harlow Niles Higinbotham Chicago.
John Balderston Kirk Evanston.
Henry Wade Rogers, LL.D Evanston.
Burns Durbin Caldwell New York City.
Charles Bowen Congdon Evanston.
James Henry Raymond, A.M Evanston.
TERM EXPIRES IN I9O3.
The Hon. Oliver Harvey Horton, LL.D Chicago.
William Deering Evanston.
Merritt Caldwell Bragdon, A.M., M.D Evanston.
Mrs. Mary R. Shumway Evanston.
William Alden Fuller Chicago.
James Bartlettt Hobbs Chicago.
— l —
2 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
Frank Philip Crandon, A.M Evanston.
The Hon. Lorin Cone Collins, A.M Chicago.
The Hon. William Andrew Dyche, A.M Evanston.
TERM EXPIRES IN I9O4.
Robert Dickinson Sheppard, D.D Evanston.
Josiah J. Parkhurst Evanston.
Charles P. Wheeler Evanston.
David McWilliams Dwight.
Frank Orren Lowden Chicago.
Nina Grey Lunt Evanston.
Gustavus Franklin Swift Chicago.
Henry Howard Gage Evanston.
The Hon. Lyman Judson Gage Washington, D. C.
ELECTED BY CONFERENCES.
Rev. William Anson Spencer, A.M., D.D Philadelphia.
Rev. John Patrick Brushingham, D.D Chicago.
Rev. Joseph Flintoft Berry, D.D Chicago.
*Rev. Arthur Edwards, A.M., D.D Chicago.
Rev. George R. Palmer, A.M., D.D Onarga.
Rev. J. Wellington Frizzelle Rock Island.
Rev. George Smith Hickey, A.M., D.D Detroit, Mich.
Rev. Edward George Lewis, S.T.B., D.D Grand Rapids.
GENERAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.
William Deering. John Richard Lindgren.
Oliver H. Horton, LL.D. Josiah J. Parkhurst.
Frank Philip Crandon, A.M. Milton Hollyday Wilson.
H. H. C. Miller, A.M. James B. Hobbs.
Nathan S. Davis, Jr., A.M., M.D.William A. Dyche, A.M.
Robert Dickinson Sheppard, D.D. Henry Howard Gage.
Daniel Bonbright, LL.D.
DENTAL SCHOOL 3
Northwestern University Dental School is one of
the great group of literary and professional schools consti-
tuting Northwestern University, situated at Evanston and
The College of Liberal Arts is at Evanston.
The professional schools are in Chicago.
Northwestern University comprises the following de-
gree-conferring departments, each having its distinct faculty
of instruction, with Daniel Ronbright, LL.D., acting Presi-
dent of the University and ex-ofhcio President of the fac-
ulty of each department.
COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS.
Daniel Bonbright, LL.D., Dean.
George Albert Coe, Ph.D., Secretary Evanston.
NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY MEDICAL SCHOOL.
Frank Seward Johnson, A.M., M.D., Dean.
Nathan Smith Davis, Jr., A.M., M.D., Secretary Chicago.
NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY LAW SCHOOL.
Peter Stenger Grosscup, A.M., LL.D., Dean.
Edward Avery Harriman, Secretary Chicago.
NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF PHAR-
Oscar Oldberg, Pharm.D., Dean.
Albert Schneider, Ph.D., M.D., Secretary Chicago.
NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY DENTAL SCHOOL.
Greene V. Black, M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., LL.D., D:an.
William Edward Harper, D.D.S., Secretary Chicago.
NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY WOMAN'S MEDICAL
Eliza H. Root, M D., Dean Chicago.
John Ridlon, M.D., Secretary Chicago.
NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF MUSIC
Peter Christian Lutkin, A.G.O., Dean Evanston.
SCHOOLS OF THEOLOGY.
GARRETT BIBLICAL INSTITUTE.
Charles Joseph Little, D.D., LL.D., President Evanston.
Nels E. Simonszn, A.M., D.D., Principal Evanston.
SWEDISH THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY.
Albert Ericson, A.M., D.D., President Evanston.
Daniel Bonbright, LL.D., Acting President of the University.
Greene Vardiman Black, M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., LL.D., Dean, Pro-
fessor of Operative Dentistry, Pathology and Bacteriology.
Thomas Lewis Gilmer, M.D., D.D.S., Professor of Oral Surgery.
John Sayre Marshall, M.D., Professor Emeritus of Oral Surgery.
Elgin MaWhinney, D.D.S., Professor of Special Pathology,
Materia Medica and Therapeutics.
Edmund Noyes, D.D.S., Professor of Dental Jurisprudence and
William Edward Harper, D.D.S., Professor of Operative Technics,
Assistant Professor of Operative Dentistry. Secretary of
James Harrison Prothero, D.D.S., Professor of Prosthetic Tech-
nics, Prosthetic Dentistry and Metallurgy.
Frederick Bogue Noyes, B.A., D.D.S., Professor of Histology.
Twing Brooks Wiggin, M.D., Professor of Physiology and Path-
Vernon Jai.:es Hall, Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry.
George A. Dorsey, Ph.D., Professor of Comparative Anatomy.
Charles Lewis Mix, M.D., Professor of Anatomy.
Miland A. Knapp, D.D.S., Professor of Orthodontia.
D. Willard Craig, M. D., Lecturer on Anaesthesia.
Fred William Gethro, Lecturer on Operative Technics.
— 4 —
As the demonstrating force does not receive appointment until
September, those for 1901-1902 cannot be given in this announce-
ment. Each year a number of the members of the old force is
retained and new demonstrators are appointed, mostly from those
of the graduating class who by especial merit received this dis-
DEMONSTRATORS AND INSTRUCTORS OF 1900-1901.
Ralph W. Parker, D.D.S. Albert Parker Grunn, D.D.S.
Fred W. Parker, D.D.S. Percy B. D. Idler, D.D.S.
Arthur C. La Touche, D.D.S. Nat. B. W. McCartney, D.D.S.
Oscar H. Miller, D.D.S. McGuire Snyder, D.D.S.
Winfred Ross Collie, D.D.S. Moses Eisenstaedt, D.D.S.
Charles Shewey, D.D.S. John N. Sandblom, D.D.S.
Robert Levi McIntosh, D.D.S. Oakley Moses Barker, D.D.S.
William T. Humphrey, D.D.S. Walter James Petrie, D.D.S.
Waldo P. Johnson, D.D.S. Herbert Milton Craig, D.D.S.
Reuben C. Traynham, D.D.S. Benjamin Waldberg, D.D.S.
James W. Birkland, D.D.S. Albert Dodge Persons, D.D.S.
Geo. B. Macfarlane, D.D.S. Charles H. Converse, D.D.S.
Eugene S. Willard, D.D.S. Fred William Gethro, D.D.S.
Alice Steeves, D.D.S.
Eugene S. Willard, D.D.S., Operative Dentistry and Bacteriology.
Fred W. Parker, D.D.S., Materia Medica.
Ralph W. Parker, D.D.S., Special Pathology and Therapeutics.
Robert L. McIntosh, D.D.S., Oral Surgery.
Walter J. Petrie, D.D.S., Prosthetic Dentistry.
Enos Eli Copple, D.D.S., Pathology.
John S. Reece, D.D.S., Histology.
Northwestern University Dental School was founded
and is maintained by the University, for the purpose of pre-
paring young men and women in the most thorough manner
for the practice of dentistry, and for the promotion of dentai
science and literature. No expense has been spared in its
equipment or in the employment of an adequate faculty of
skilled teachers, with a large force of demonstrators and
Northwestern University takes pleasure in announcing
to the dental profession and to students of dentistry that it
has secured for a period of years the services of Professor
G. V. Black, who devotes his entire time to teaching in the
various departments of the dental school, and to superin-
tending the order of instruction and the methods of teaching
in all of the departments. He will continue his work in
bacteriology and special pathology as heretofore, and in
addition thereto will teach operative dentistry in the lecture-
hall, and will personally superintend the clinical instruction
of both senior and junior classes in the operative clinic
Professor Prothero assumes charge of the prosthetic de-
partment of the school, giving his entire time to that work.
He is provided with special assistants for each section of his
department, who will give their entire time to the work,
together with an able corps of demonstrators.
In order that Professor Black may give more time to the
general supervision of the instruction given in the school,
Professor Harper will assume a portion of the work in oper-
ative dentistry, and Professor MaWhinney will assume a
portion of the work in special pathology.
— G —
For the management of the Dental School the University
has the services of Dr. G. V. Black, who has the direction of
and gives his entire time to the educational work of the
school, and of Dr. W. E. Harper, Secretary and business
manager, who has the direction of its financial affairs, and
also gives a part of his time to teaching. Dr. Black gives
his time and attention to the direction of the dental
educational features of the school, a duty which his long
experience in teaching and wide familiarity with dental liter-
ature and educational matters render him especially fitted.
It is becoming well known that if a dental school is to suc-
ceed well, its business must be judiciously managed, to the
end that the most possible may be made of its income for
the benefit of its classes. It is equally true that the devising
and management of the courses of instruction, the order and
modes of the presentation of subjects to pupils, and the
arrangement of teachers and students in classes, sub-classes,
and sections for lectures, class-work, laboratory exercises,
and clinical teaching require constant care and study of a
high order to enable students to realize the best results
from their efforts during their years of school work.
In order that the realization of these ends may be attained
in the highest possible degree, the University has secured this
combination in the management of its school.
SITUATION AND SURROUNDINGS.
Northwestern University Dental School is situated on tne
corner of Madison and Franklin streets, Chicago. Entrance
by elevator from Franklin Street. It occupies the fifth,
fourth and third floors. It is within the principal business
center of the city and in close touch with all of the principal
surface and elevated lines of general and suburban travel
with the different portions of the city, of its suburbs and the
country. Therefore, its students may reside conveniently
in any part of the city or its suburbs. This gives them the
widest possible range of choice of residence while attending
the school without inconvenience in coming and going. It
8 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
also gives the school the widest range of territory from
which to draw the great clinic so necessary to a great dental
school. The material supply for this clinic comes from all
parts of the city of Chicago and its suburbs, and is depend-
ent largely upon the personal influence of the students oi
the school, each one of whom draws from personal friends
and acquaintances made in and about their places of resi-
dence, patients who make up the personal clinical practice of
tne individual student under the supervision of the demon-
strators in the school. In this the out-of-town student seems
to be in no respect less favored than the student whose home
is in the city. This gaining and holding a personal clinical
practice under the supervision of the instructors in the clinic
rooms has come to be one of the features of this school that
has a telling effect upon the after-practice of its students ;
for by this plan of work the student not only learns the
theory of practice and the manipulations of practical opera-
tions in dentistry, but he passes at once to the work of prac-
tical experience in building a practice for himself and in
gaining that skill in professional comity and personal man-
ner between himself and his patients which is as necessary
to him in after years in drawing together and maintaining
a practice as his knowledge of dental diseases and his skill
in their treatment.
For these reasons the residence of pupils in groups in
widely different portions of the city is favored. This also
gives the advantages of a more homelike life while giving
in the aggregate a far better conception of life in a great city
and decidedly better opportunity to draw upon its advan-
tages while shunning the disadvantages of large gatherings
of students in a single locality.
Chicago is a great city and gives many advantages to the
student who learns early to avail himself of them. Lincoln
Park on the north offers, besides its beautiful pleasure
grounds, some grand botanical gardens and winter conserva-
tories where all manner of plants may be enjoyed or studied.
A fine zoological collection where a large variety of animal
and bird life may be studied, and the museum of Natural
DENTAL SCHOOL 9
History, in which there is a very large collection of birds,
animals, and fossil remains of extinct animal life. Jackson
and Washington Parks on the south, besides their splendid
pleasure grounds, also offer splendid botanical gardens and
winter conservatories, while the Field Columbian Museum
offers a rare collection of Natural History specimens espe-
cially suited for the study of comparative dental anatomy,
and of modern and ancient human skulls and the condition
of the teeth in the various races and types of men in different
ages. The admission to this museum is free to students on
presentation of their matriculation tickets to this school.
Many other parks afford favorite pleasure grounds.
A Number of Libraries are accessible to students who
have taste for study, or for looking up subjects of interest,
scientific, literary, or in connection with special studies.
Chicago Library is on Michigan Avenue and Washington
Street, ten minutes' walk from the school. It is one of the
finest libraries in the country. Students may receive books
from this library when vouched for by responsible persons
known to the officials. This library has also many branch
offices in different parts of the city, from which books may
be received on application. These will often be convenient
to the boarding places of students.
The Newberry Library is very large and, besides general
works, has also a large medical and dental library. It is on
North Clark Street and Walton Place, and may be reached
in a fifteen minutes' walk, or by street cars. This is a ref-
erence library, and books can be used only in its reading
The Columbus Memorial Medical (and dental) Library
and reading room is in the Columbus Memorial Building.
It is a journal library, containing about all the medical and
dental journal literature. Books and journals can be used
only in its reading rooms.
The John Crerar Library occupies one floor in the Mar-
shall Field building, corner Wabash Avenue and Washing-
ton Street. It is devoted mainly to the natural, the physical
and the social sciences, with their applications. It is a very
10 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
large and a most excellent collection of books. It is a ref-
erence library, and its books are used only in its reading
These libraries are accessible to our students, and they
will find in them not only a very large collection of books,
but also men in attendance who are able and willing to assist
the student in finding anything that they contain upon any
There are a large number of other libraries, both general
and on special subjects, that are available to the student who
may wish to make proper and legitimate use of them.
The Equipment of Northwestern University Dental
School, already excellent for teaching dentistry in all of its
branches, is being continuously and rapidly improved.
The Main Office of the Secretary and Business Manager
is on the fifth floor, and is divided from the great clinic room
by a railing, and overlooks the clinic, and is always within
easy reach of the individual student, the man who has busi-
ness with the school, or the visitor.
The Main Office for Dispensing Material to Students is
directly across the room from the Secretary's office, and the
space between these forms the reception room for patients
The Main Operative Clinic Hoom is eighty by one hun-
dred feet and twenty feet from floor to ceiling, and accom-
modates one hundred and forty operators comfortably at one
time. It is furnished with the latest and best pattern of
Columbia operating chairs. The light is by windows upon
three sides, one great skylight in the center, two-thirds the
length of the room, and two smaller skylights at either side.
Also for dark days and early dusk of winter afternoons,
ample electric light is provided. Around three sides of this
room above the windows, a gallery has been placed which
in no way obstructs the light, and adds beauty to the room.
In this are placed separate lockers with combination locks for
each student in which to keep his engine, operating case, hat,
wraps and operating coat.
12 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
The Crown and Bridge Clinic Room opens off from the
main operative clinic room, and is furnished with twenty
New Columbia operating chairs, in which the clinical fitting
of crowns, bridges and plates for artificial teeth is done.
The Senior Prosthetic Laboratory is conveniently situated
across the hall from this room and is furnished with benches,
vises, electric ovens for baking porcelain, lockers for stu-
dents' prosthetic instruments, and other appurtenances neces-
sary to practical prosthetic dentistry.
The extracting room opening off from these rooms is
conveniently situated, furnished with a Columbia operating
chair, fountain spittoon, forceps, instrument cases and gas
outfit and all the apparatus necessary for anesthesia, and is
in constant charge of an assistant to the professor of oral
The Oral Surgery Clinic Room is also on the same floor
across the hall and is so arranged as to bring the largest
possible number of students near enough to satisfactorily
observe clinical operations. It accommodates one hundred
and seventy pupils at one time.
The Main Lecture Hall is on the same floor. It is fur-
nished with tablet opera chairs of the best type and seats
comfortably four hundred students. It is lighted with one
great skylight in the dome, furnished with curtain for dark-
ening the room for illustrative electric lantern work, has
moving blackboards at the back of the speaker's area, and
screen for lantern work, stationary blackboards on three
sides, etc. Indeed, it is furnished with all of the modern
appurtenances for teaching.
The Anatomical Laboratory is within easy reach of this
lecture room, so that illustrative dissections are readily
brought before the class. In this laboratory students do
their work in sections, and under the efficient management
of Professor Mix it is made one of the most interesting
rooms in the building to the student.
Dropping now to the fourth floor one enters a long hall,
the walls of which are filled from end to end with students'
DENTAL SCHOOL 13
The Freshman's Prosthetic Technic Room is entered at
the south end of this hall. It is furnished with benches,
drawers for instruments, and stools for two hundred and
twenty-five students, an electric motor which runs a bank
of grinding lathes, vulcanizing apparatus, a bank of wash
bowls with running water, plaster tables, speaker's desk, an
office for dispensing material to students, receiving boxes for
accepted work of students, etc. In this room the freshmen
are taught the first rudiments of prosthetic dentistry.
The Operative Technic Room is entered at the north end
of the hall. It is lighted on three sides by large windows,
and is provided with ample electric lights for dark days and
for early dusk of winter afternoons. It has recently been en-
larged and is now furnished with seats for two hundred and
twenty students, each provided with bench, vise, and drawer
for instruments. In this room dental anatomy and the rudi-
ments of operative dentistry are taught.
The Private Office of the Dean opens off this hall near
the operative technic room.
The Chemical Laboratory opens on the east of the hall.
It has benches and drawers with complete outfit of chemicals,
water and gas at each bench for ninety pupils at one time.
The room is furnished also with furnaces of the best pattern
for metallurgic work, making of solders, alloys, refining and
assaying operations, refining and cleaning of scrap gold and
other metals, alloys for amalgams, etc. The room is occu-
pied mostly by the junior class. Close by the door of the
Chemical Laboratory, another door leads into a small room
furnished with fine balances or scales for delicate quantita-
tive determinations in chemical studies.
The Jun_or Prosthetic Laboratory opens to the west from
the hall. It is a large room, well lighted and furnished with
benches, drawers and lockers for two hundred students at
one time, and contains electric motor and bank of grinding
lathes, vulcanizing outfit and electric porcelain apparatus, an
office for the distribution of material and the reception of
completed work, etc. It is used by the junior class.
14 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
The Physical Laboratory and general utility room is on
the east of this hall. It is a large room and serves as a meet-
ing place for the faculty and demonstrators for instruction in
the general work of the institution and direction in the teach-
ing methods of the school. It is furnished with cases in
which much of the physical apparatus and illustrative mate-
rial of the school is stored, and tables for their use by sec-
tions of students. Much class work is done here by different
instructors. There are hundreds of large class charts and
pictures, nearly a thousand lantern slides, boxed, numbered
and catalogued, hundreds of microscopic slides, microscopes
for special uses, physical apparatus for measuring the force
with which the human teeth may be closed, for determining
the force necessary in crushing different articles of food, for
determining the strength of filling material, for determining
shrinkage and expansion of amalgams, for determining the
force used in packing gold and amalgam fillings, etc. In-
deed all of the physical determinations required by dental
students. New instruments are being added as rapidly as
their value is developed.
The Bacteriological Laboratory is connected with the
histological laboratory and is furnished with apparatus for
the preparation of culture media. Thermostats and culture
ovens, apparatus for staining and mounting micro-organ-
isms, apparatus for testing the value of antiseptics, benches
for practical instructive work, microscopes, electric lanterns,
Much new equipment was added last year in entirely
new space on the third floor, comprising a new lecture room,
a new quiz room, a new postoffice and lunch room, a new
study and reading room, a new library and a new museum.
The Histological and Histo-Pathological Laboratory is
removed to the third floor, and is one of the best for its pur-
pose in the building. It is lighted by seven large windows,
and in addition has electric lights for each bench for use on
dark days. The benches are all of hardwood, nicely finished
DENTAL SCHOOL 15
and are furnished with lockers for instruments and appa-
ratus. It is furnished with seventy microscopes and benches
for seventy pupils at one time, though the sections are gen-
erally made much smaller. It is also furnished with nu-
merous photographic illustrations of the tissues to be studied,
electric lantern and screen with arrangements for dark room
illustrative work, and more than five hundred lantern slides,
apparatus for section cutting, staining and mounting of sec-
tions, aquaria and live boxes for the continuous growth of
confervse, animalcules, etc., for the illustration of cell life
and cell function. This room is in charge of Prof. F. B.
Xoyes and is used mostly by the freshmen and junior classes
The New Quiz Room is furnished with one hundred and
ten new opera chairs, blackboard and screen for lantern illus-
trative work, and other conveniences for teaching.
The New Lecture Room is well lighted and is furnished
with two hundred and twenty-five tablet opera chairs, with
blackboards, screens, and connections for electric lantern il-
lustrative work, professors' ante-room, etc.
The New Reading Room will accommodate two hundred
students at one time. It is well lighted on two sides and has
chairs and tables where students may go at any time of the
day for reading and for study and be assured of the most
perfect quiet. No talking whatever is allowed.
The New Library is in the same room, divided from the
Reading Room only by the arrangement of the museum
cases. It already contains about three hundred running
feet of shelving filled with books upon dentistry and cor-
related subjects and a well selected and rich library of ency-
clopedic literature, aside from a room devoted to the storage
of unbound journals. It contains practically all of the books
on dental subjects available published in the English lan-
guage and nearly complete files of the journals. Of these
latter from two to twelve complete sets have been obtained.
Of the current dental journals one dozen copies of each come
to this library. All of this literature is available for students
and to the profession.
16 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
Old Books on Dentistry arc still much needed. Alumni
and dentists having old books not especially valuable to
them should send them to us, and they will be catalogued
and placed on the shelves.
The Museum of human and comparative dental anatomy,
already very valuable to the student, is rapidly growing. It
now contains skulls illustrating all of the principal variations
of tooth forms of the animals, reptiles and fishes, and pre-
pared skulls illustrating human dentition from birth to ma-
turity. Skulls of different races and wild tribes of men,
ancient and modern, are being gathered. Many specimens of
irregular development of the human teeth, supernumerary
teeth, teeth of anomalous forms and specimens illustrating
the various phases of dental pathology, are already in the
cases and more are being continually added.
Both the Library and Museum are open to members of
the dental profession for the purpose of reference or study,
and it is the request of the institution that the profession
assist in the growth of the collection by donations of speci-
mens of any nature suitable to the purposes of the Museum.
Hundreds of specimens of anomalous development of the
teeth and of pathological conditions are annually lost, which,
if sent to us, will be appropriately labeled, the donor's name
attached, placed in the cases, and become permanent and
useful additions. This museum is continuously open to the
THE NEW BUILDING.
This year the University adds, at a cost of half a million
dollars, a new building, which will become the permanent
home of the Dental School, and also of the School of Phar-
macy and the School of Law. This building is situated on
the southeast corner of Dearborn and Lake streets, and is
especially convenient to reach from all lines of travel, both
suburban and general, being within the down-town loop of
the elevated roads. It is also within easy walking distance
of a good boarding-house region. It has a frontage of 180
feet on Dearborn Street and a frontage of 160 feet on Lake
THE NEW BUILDING,
Corner of Dearborn and Lake Streets.
18 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERvSITY
Street. It is six stories high and is substantially and ele-
gantly built. The Dental Sehool will occupy the two upper
floors, which will be reconstructed especially for its accom-
modation and its permanent home. The floor space will be
sufficient for the accommodation of seven hundred and fifty
students comfortably, with lecture rooms, operating rooms
and laboratories for its several departments.
The different schools in this building will be entirely
separate from each other, with separate elevator entrances,
and as distinct from each other as if they were in different
buildings. The building will also contain the City Offices of
the University and a large Assembly Hall for University
gatherings, commencements and meetings of various sorts.
The University will obtain possession of this building on
the first of next October, and the w r ork of refitting for the
dental school will then be pushed to completion as rapidly as
possible, and as soon as this is done the dental school will
be moved from its present quarters into its permanent home.
This building will be one of the most perfect in its situation,
in its arrangements and accommodations that has yet been
devised for teaching dentistry.
COURSE OF STUDY.
The regular session of 1901-1902 will begin on Wednes-
day, October 2, 1901, and continue till the following May
1, 1902. The regular work of the school year will begin
immediately upon the organization of the respective classes.
The courses of instruction are progressive and extend over a
period of three years, the teaching in one year not being
repeated in the next. The pupils are strictly graded into
Freshmen, Junior, and Senior classes, each having its sepa-
rate and distinct courses of study. This division of classes
in dental schools has been the work of years. Formerly the
several classes listened to the same lectures all in a body.
The division into distinct courses of study is complete in
Northwestern University Dental School. No professo: de-
livers lectures to more than one class at one time. There-
fore in each class throughout the whole period the teaching
DENTAL vSCHOOL 19
is directed solely to the particular class. In the operative
and prosthetic clinic rooms the teaching by the corps of dem-
onstrators is directed to the individual pupil and adapted
to his individual needs. These are, therefore, occupied by
the junior and senior classes in common.
A Resume of the several courses of study which follow
will give a good idea of the work of the school :
General Anatomy is in charge of Professor Chas. L.
Mix. Its study is begun in the freshman year and continued
through the freshman and junior years. Under the able
management of Professor Mix this is made one of the most
interesting courses of study in the school. Anatomy is
taught by recitations, quizzes, demonstrations, and lectures.
The classes are subdivided into groups of twelve students.
Each of these groups is under a competent quiz master, who
conducts recitations on lessons previously assigned. For
this work each quiz master is provided with dissected speci-
mens by which to illustrate lessons assigned. In this way
the class has the benefit to be derived from the study of the
text book and dissected specimens before the subject is pre-
sented by the professor, and is better prepared to understand
and retain the subject matter. In the museum there are dis-
sected specimens for the use of students. In the anatomical
laboratory students are required to dissect the whole body
(in parts during the two years) and are under competent
Histology and the Histological Laboratory are in charge
of Professor F. B. Noyes, who will give one lecture and two
hours of laboratory study per week in both the freshman
and junior years. In the laboratory work the class will be
divided in sections. The freshman studies will begin
with the vital manifestations and structure of the liv-
ing cells as exhibited in the large, single cell animal and
plant forms common in ponds and ditches, such as the amoe-
ba, vorticellae, rotifers and infusoria. The single cell forms
are followed by the study of the formation of cell masses,
or tissues, using first the Algae forming threads and sheets
of cells and proceeding to those that form tissues of similar
20 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
cells. In these studies the various forms of the reproduc-
tion or multiplication of cells will be studied. Then the
various elemental tissues of the animal, the epithelium, con-
nective tissue, muscular tissue, and the nerves, are taken up.
This work is done in the first semester. In the second semes-
ter the relations and arrangements of the elemental tissues
in their combinations which form the organs of the body will
be studied. The laboratory work will follow the order of
the lectures, accompanied by regular text-book study. The
lectures will be illustrated by a large number of photomicro-
graphs thrown upon the screen with the electric lantern.
The Junior Year is devoted mostly to the teeth and re-
lated tissues. First, the bones and periosteum, then the
dental tissues, the enamel, dentin, cementum, dental pulp
and the peridental membranes. The enamel is studied with
special reference to the arrangement of the enamel rods and
their inclinations upon different parts of the crown, its lines
of cleavage, its lines of strength and of weakness with rela-
tion to the preparation of the enamel walls and margins of
cavities. The nature and structure of dentin with its system
of dentinal tubes and fibrils. The cementum, its structure,
functions and relation to the peridental membranes, its for-
mation, destruction and repair. The dental pulp with rela-
tion to the formation of dentin and its structural elements
with relation to pathological conditions. The structure and
tissue of the peridental membrane in relation to its functions
and its diseases. Sections of all of these tissues are pre-
pared, mounted and studied in the laboratory and careful
drawings made of them by each student, so that each may
obtain that working knowledge of them so necessary in the
practice of operative dentistry. The large collection of pho-
tomicrographs of these tissues used in the laboratory are of
great assistance to the student. The development of the
teeth is followed from the formation of the dental ridge to
the completion of the formation of the teeth. In this work
demonstrations in modeling clay clears up many difficulties.
Physiology will be under the management of Professor
Wiggin, who has had much experience in teaching this sub-
DENTAL SCHOOL 21
ject to dental students. The course will include two lectures
per week during the freshman year and one lecture per week
during' the junior year.
Operative Technics is under the management of Pro-
fessor William E. Harper, who has had a long experience in
this work. The subject is taught by lectures, illustrated by
models, by demonstrations, and by exercises in manipulation
by the students, under the personal direction of the professor
and his assistants. The first two weeks are given mostly to
the study of dental nomenclature, or the study of the names
of things with which the student must become familiar in
the course of his dental studies. Then descriptive human
dental anatomy is taken up and the forms and surface mark-
ings of each tooth studied. This part of the work is illus-
trated by models enlarged about thirty times, enabling the
professor to locate every detail of form and of surface mark-
ings upon the teeth so that they may be accurately under-
stood. This method of illustration greatly facilitates the
progress of the student.
After a lecture and a recitation upon a particular tooth
the student selects several of that denomination from a large
number of promiscuous teeth and files at least one longitu-
dinal and two transverse sections for the study of the pulp
chambers and root canals, together with their relations to
the external surfaces of the tooth. This general plan is car-
ried out w T ith each tooth of the human mouth. In order that
tooth forms may be more perfectly impressed upon the mind
during this study, a carving of a tooth of each class, as the
incisors, cuspids, bicuspids and molars, is made by each stu-
dent in bone or ivory representing the actual size and form
of the tooth. In this work the roughing out is done with the
file, but the cutting of all the detail is done with the excava-
tors that the student will afterward use in practice, he being
required to grasp and use the instruments as he will do in
operations in the mouth.
Instruments having now become in a degree familiar are
taken up and their classification, the rules governing their
construction, the range of useful forms, the names of each
22 NORTHWKSTKRN UNIVERSITY
under the descriptive formula plan, and their proper care,
are made suhjects of careful study. It is particularly essen-
tial that each student be familiar with the forms and uses
of each instrument in his set. With this end in view he
makes a model in brass of the working point (not the han-
dles) of each to actual measurement and the special uses
of each are carefully taught in connection with actual cavity
preparation in extracted teeth, ivory and bone. In this work
cavities are classified and models of each are made by each
student. The requirements for the preparation of seats,
the anchorage for fillings, and the forming and finishing of
cavity margins, are carefully explained and strictly enforced.
Special attention is given to the cleavage of the enamel, to its
lines of strength, and to its lines of weakness, that these may
be taken advantage of in practical work. In all of this the
teaching of instrument grasps, finger rests for the perfect
control of force, and the details of instrumentation, is con-
tinuous, and the same plans are continued and used in all
the operative departments afterward by professors and dem-
After the cavities have been passed upon by the professor
or his assistants, the study of the working properties of ce-
ment, amalgam, and gold, and the instrumentation in their
use, is studied and demonstrated, and the cavities filled by
the student. This course is very important in the knowl-
edge acquired, in the training of the hand and eye, and is
interesting to the student.
Note. — The operations in the technic departments require a very
large number of natural teeth, and a sufficient supply is sometimes
difficult to get. It will therefore be to the interest of students if
they will bring with them all the extracted teeth they can obtain.
The Junior Course in Operative Dentistry will be given
by Professor Harper. The didactic course will consist of
two lectures per week during the term. In this work Pro-
fessor Harper will make a regular advance upon the work
done in operative technics in the Freshman year, giving
more definite application of the principles to the practical
operations in the mouth. At the same time the students will
begin putting the teachings into practice in the infirmary.
DENTAL SCHOOL 23
At first a brief review in lecture and quiz of dental no-
menclature, and especially cavity nomenclature and instru-
ment nomenclature, will be given to be sure that all stu-
dents know these sufficiently well to proceed and follow the
lectures understandingly. Then the subject of cavity prep-
aration will be given in detail step by step. Cavities will
be classified and the plans of the formation of each class
will be given, together with the particular instrument to be
used in each part, and the methods of instrumentation to
be followed in each individual class of cavities.
Alter the lectures on Fridays Professor Harper will,
during the first semester, take the class to the oper-
ative technic room for special drill in the instrumenta-
tion of cavity preparation, methods of cutting enamel, and
especially the benefit to be derived by taking advantage of
its cleavage and the directions in which it cuts easiest under
the varying conditions in which it is presented in the mouth
will be carefully demonstrated. The direction of the enamel
rods on different portions of the crowns of the teeth, and
the proper relation of the inclination of cavity walls to them
will be studied. The forms of cavities in their relation to
the stress of mastication, together with the forms of
anchorage and the strength of fillings in the different
classes of cases, will be presented. The final finish of mar-
gins will be demonstrated and taught with the purpose of
bringing out the best efforts of the student in cavity prep-
In the second semester the lectures will be continued
and Professor Harper will demonstrate in the infirmary
Friday afternoons, following out the methods taught in
their application in the mouth.
It is intended that this junior course in operative dentis-
try shall be especially a drill in technical procedures in fill-
The Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, in all of its
branches, will be under the supervision of Professor
Prothero, who gives this his whole time. He will deliver
the lectures and manage in person and through his assist-
24 NORTHWESTERN UNIVKRSITY
ants the quiz work and special lines of clinical instruction.
This arrangement places all of the processes of clinical in-
struction under the control and direction of one professor,
which prevents confusion in method and in the detail of tech-
nical procedures which so often confuse the student and
cause loss of time in gaining a working knowledge of them.
Prosthetic Technics will occupy three hours per day,
three days in the week, during the Freshman year, with one
lecture per week. The lectures will accompany and cover
the processes undertaken in the technic laboratory for each
week, the student performing under competent demonstra-
tors the operations and using the materials and appliances
described in each lecture. The course will begin with tak-
ing impressions of the mouth for partial and full cases, using
all of the various materials and appliances employed for that
purpose. The manipulation of plaster-of-paris, preparing im-
pressions for securing models, model making, and separating
from impressions, making trial plates, occluding and waxing
teeth in position, investment of cases, or Masking, descrip-
tion of vulcanizers and the processes of vulcanization, scrap-
ing, carving and polishing vulcanized cases, and methods of
repairing vulcanite dentures, all of which will be illustrated
by the practical work performed by the student in the labora-
Crown and Bridge Work. — Preparation of the roots of
extracted teeth for bands, fitting bands, carving cusps in
plaster and other material, making dies, swaging cusps,
soldering cusps to bands, and finishing. Making porcelain-
faced crowns, conforming bands and constructing cope,
grinding and backing facing and fitting to cope, investing,
soldering and finishing, constructing various forms of por-
celain and metal dummies, assembling crowns and dummies
previously constructed and forming bridges, investing,
soldering and finishing.
Making dies and counter dies for metal work, including
preparation of model and making sand impressions, con-
forming metal plate to die, and swaging, trimming and fin-
ishing swaged plate, occluding and waxing teeth in position,
backing, investing and soldering; also attachment of teeth
DENTAL SCHOOL 25
with vulcanite, grinding, filing, scraping and finishing.
This will include full and partial cases.
Making lower dentures of cast metal, including special
preparation of model, waxing up, investing, casting and
It is the intention that this course shall render the
student familiar with the various materials and processes
used in prosthetic dentistry, train his hand in the perform-
ance of the mechanical work, and fit him for the more com-
plex technic work and the practical prosthetic cases to
follow in the junior year.
Metallurgy will also be presented by Professor Prothero
in a short course of lectures during the freshman year, in
which those metals used in dentistry will be the most
prominently considered, as iron, steel, copper, zinc, tin,
lead, aluminum, silver, gold and platinum.
The Instruction in Prosthetic Dentistry in the Junior
Year will include one lecture per week, advanced technics
and practical cases for patients. It will begin with a review
of taking impressions and the processes in vulcanite and
will include the details of working celluloid. The construc-
tion of gold plates, full and partial, and the working of
aluminum in the making of cast plates and swaged plates,
and the making of weighted dentures. Continuous gum
work will also be introduced in this course. The principles
of construction of all of the various crowns at present in
use, the Logan, plain and banded, shell crowns and carving
cusps and conforming them to the occlusion, porcelain
faced crowns and porcelain crowns. Also a study of the
stress applied by the muscles of mastication to the teeth,
both singly and collectively, with its bearing upon crown
and bridge construction, including the conditions under
which bridges should or should not be used.
The Senior Year in Prosthetic Dentistry will be devoted
more especially to infirmary practice, which will include the
practical construction of the various crowns, bridges and
plates of vulcanite, gold, aluminum, celluloid, continuous
gum, etc., for patients, under the direction of Professor
20 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
Prothero and his demonstrators. An advanced lecture
course will also be given, occupying one hour per week, for
about one-half of the term, which will include new methods
and appliances and reviews.
The Infirmary Prosthetic Practice will have its special
demonstrating force, which devotes its whole time to this
work, and the demonstrators will be sufficient in number to
give much time to individual students, directing them as to
methods and demonstrating points of especial difficulty as
they present themselves.
General Pathology is presented by Professor Wiggin in
one lecture per week during the junior year. This course,
while essential to render the student intelligent as to
general pathological conditions, forms the basis of his
studies of the special pathology of the tissues of the teeth,
their membranes and correlated tissues and organs of the
Comparative Dental Anatomy will be taught by Pro-
fessor George A. Dorsey, Curator at the Field Columbian
Museum. Professor Dorsey has given much attention to
this subject in its practical and scientific aspects, has
traveled much and gathered specimens in many parts of the
world. He has personal acquaintance with most of the
animals in their native places and with various wild tribes
of men now living, and has visited the burial places of many
of the extinct races and personally gathered many of the
specimens from which his conclusions have been drawn.
The course will consist of one lecture per week, followed
with two hours in the museum. In the museum the class
will be divided into convenient sections for the examina-
tion and study of specimens. In this course the student will
study the animals, their food habits, the uses they make of
their teeth, the forms of their teeth as related to food habits
and as weapons of offense and defense. This will be fol-
lowed by a study of the extinct species of animals of the
several classes, the variations that have occurred in their
tooth forms in the various geological ages, together with
the development of the complex tooth forms from the
DENTAL SCHOOL 27
simple forms of the earlier animals, or the history of the
origin and progress of the development of the tooth forms
as they now exist in the animal world, and the uses made
of this history by the geologist and students of natural
history in the study of geological strata and of extinct
species of animals.
Chemistry. — The value to be derived from a good un-
derstanding of the science of chemistry as associated with
dentistry cannot be overestimated. Elementary Chemistry,
which continues throughout the Freshman year, is taught
entirely by lectures. These lectures are fully illustrated by
experiments before the class. Particular attention is given
to the metals and their ores, specimens of which are kept
constantly before the class. In this course it is found most
practicable to follow some standard text-book, the plan be-
ing to assign work in advance of the lectures, so that when
the student enters the lecture he has some preparation on
the subject under discussion. Freshmen students are re-
quired to attend two lectures- a week.
Upon the Opening 1 of the Junior Course the subject of
Qualitative Analysis is taken up in the chemical laboratory,
including abundant practice upon unknown mixtures and
in the analysis of alloys, cement, teeth, etc.
Following this a thorough study of the various dental
cements-is made, including the testing of cements for inju-
rious quantities of arsenic. This course includes the prep-
aration by each student of a practical oxyphosphate cement
which is free from arsenic.
The subject of alloys is next taken up, with particular
attention to those used in dentistry. An alloy of an as-
signed formula is made and studied by each student. The
work, from the weighing out of the metals to amalgamation
and packing of the prepared material in cavities in specially
prepared steel blocks, is done entirely by the student.
After the fillings are made, microscopical examinations and
micrometrical measurements follow and the student makes
a complete report of the results. Somewhat over 200
alloys are made and examined, thus giving the student a
thorough insight into the subject.
28 NORTHWKSTURN UNIVERSITY
A course in solder making is next given, including the
preparation of tin, gold and silver solders.
Refining metals is the next subject. Gold and silver
scraps are refined and used in making solders, or alloyed
and rolled into plate.
In addition to the ordinary outfit the laboratory is pro-
vided with a special large Hosking furnace and other forms
of furnaces, rolling machines, anvils, balances, and many
other forms of apparatus for this special course.
Junior students are required to spend three hours per
week in the laboratory throughout the year.
Chemical Laboratory Deposit. — Before entering the
Chemical Laboratory each student is required to make a
deposit of $5.00 to cover chemicals used, breakage, ex-
penses and special printed directions furnished each stu-
dent. It has been found by experience that the above de-
posit covers the average expenses of the students through-
out the year, so little, if any, of this is returnable. If,
however, the student exceeds the deposit, he will be ex-
pected to pay the excess at the end of the course.
Materia Medica will be studied in the Junior Year and
will be presented by Professor MaWhinney in one lecture
a week, and frequent quizzes during the course, and will
A study of definitions, abbreviations, and terminology
used, the nature of disease, the source of drugs in nature,
preparations made from crude drugs, methods of admin-
istering medicines; agencies that modify their action; the
art of prescribing, general classification of drugs; their
physical, chemical and poisonous properties, dosage and
antidotes, and therapeutic application.
The action of various important drugs will be illustrated
upon lower animals, and a special study of antiseptics will
be undertaken. Special attention will be given to those
drugs that are of most value in the practice of dentistry.
In addition, students are required to make certain
points in treatment of cases in the infirmary.
DENTAL SCHOOL 29
Special Pathology and Therapeutics will be presented to
the senior class by Professor MaWhinney in two lectures
per week during the term. This will be in a degree divided
between Professor MaWhinney and Professor Black, the
latter presenting dental caries and other diseases of the
hard tissues of the teeth and Professor .MaWhinney the
This course will include practice of antiseptic dentistry
and general considerations in the treatment of disease, hy-
peremia of the dental pulp, its causation, symptoms and
treatment, inflammation of the dental pulp, suppuration, in-
farction and death of the organ, with detailed description
of treatment in different conditions and stages of disease,
modes of destroying and removing the dental pulp, and the
treatment and filling of root canals. The treatment of teeth
presented with pulps dead and decomposed, description
and treatment of apical pericementitis and of the conditions
leading to the formation of alveolar abscesses, with their
symptomatology and the therapeutic management of this
class of cases. The pathology, therapeutics and general
management of alveolar abscess, both acute and chronic,
the burrowing of pus among the muscles of the face and
about the periosteum of the jaws, and kindred conditions.
Diseases of the peridental membranes beginning at the
gingival margin (so-called pyorrhea alveolaris) wall receive
close attention. The different forms presented by this im-
portant group of diseases will be described in the lectures
and illustrated by practical cases in the infirmary, and the
treatment and general management of cases presenting the
various characters followed under the direct supervision of
Professor MaWhinney and the demonstrators. The
methods of bleaching discolored teeth will receive careful
The mitigation of pain in dental operations will receive
especial attention, and the various means employed fully
developed and explained, and such directions given as will
enable the student to avoid methods and drugs that may be
hurtful or dangerous to patients.
30 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
The infirmary clinic presents abundant illustrations of
the various pathological conditions of the teeth and as-
sociate parts for the practical study of these conditions and
their management, so that the observant student may be-
come practically familiar with them.
Professor MaWhinney will be one-half day in each week
in the infirmary clinic in personal teaching, explaining
personally to students the meaning of various combinations
of symptoms, pointing out and explaining the underlying
pathological conditions, and directing students in the ap-
plicaton of remedies to special cases.
Experimental trial of drugs upon animals, illustrating
their toxic effects, begun in the junior year, will be con-
tinued and extended in the senior year, especially those in
use as local obtundants, or that exhibit poisonous proper-
ties that are in any wise dangerous to patients.
Operative Dentistry. — The senior course in operative
dentistry will be given by Professor G. V. Black in connec-
tion with the course in bacteriology. The didactic course
will occupy two lectures per week for the greater part of
the year. A recitation course will be conducted giving a
brief review of the work done in the junior year, in the
preparation of cavities and other manipulative procedures.
The lecture course will be more essentially a study of dental
caries, the conditions of susceptibility and immunity to
caries, its modes of attack, the means of its prevention and
the management of filling operations for the prevention of
its recurrence; the conditions under which extension of
cavities for the prevention of the recurrence of caries
should or should not be undertaken, the use of temporary
fillings, especially for children, and the conditions necessary
for permanent operations for children; the reasons for
special methods in different classes of cases, and the gen-
eral adaptation of operative procedures as curative and pre-
ventive measures, etc. It is intended that this shall be an
advanced course in the general management of operative
procedures, the foundation for which has been laid in the
freshman and junior years.
DENTAL SCHOOL 31
The Operative Infirmary Clinic is under the direct
supervision of Professor G. V. Black. The student begins
this work with the beginning of his junior year and con-
tinues it to the end of the senior year, the time given to it
being much greater in the senior year. It is the intention
that this infirmary practice be as much like an actual dental
practice as it is possible to make it. The development of
the ability to obtain and hold a practice, or that professional
comity between an operator and his patients essential to
personal success, is regarded as parallel in its importance
to the future of the student with the development of ma-
nipulative ability. In order that they may begin at once
that practice by which this ability is developed, students
are urged to bring their friends and acquaintances to the
infirmary as their individual patients. Such patients will
always be assigned as requested and become the patients of
the individual student, and collectively will constitute his
individual infirmary practice.
This practice, however, is, and must be, under the direc-
tion of the demonstrators in all of its details, from the pri-
mary examination upon the entrance of the patient to the
clinic room to its completion. Of the many patients who
come to the clinic room without individual preference as to
operator, assignments will be made to the students who
may need them for a beginning of their clinical practice or
who may not have obtained a sufficient number.
The Demonstrating Force will be • assigned to sections
of the clinic room, and by a system of rotation each student
will successively come under the direction of each demon-
strator. The number of demonstrators will be ample to
give a large amount of personal attention to each individual
student in his section, consulting with him, directing his
operations in detail and demonstrating points that may be-
new or difficult as they present themselves. This personal
teaching is made a special feature of this school, and great
attention is given by the management to the drill of the
demonstrating force, in order that they may understand
well their especial duties to the students and the methods of
32 NORTIIWKSTKRN UNIVKRSITY
instruction adopted and maintained in the school, and that
their direction and actions may be in harmony throughout
their clinical teaching. To insure this harmony of action
and of method the demonstrating force is brought together
once per week throughout the course, much of the time
twice per week, for instructions and special drill in teaching
methods and their especial duties.
In this great clinic, embracing several hundred patients
per day, students have the opportunity to see and to study
a wonderful variety of cases. They are made up of every
variety of pathological condition, from the simplest devia-
tion from the normal to the most grave conditions. A
great variety of cases of irregularity of the teeth, impacted
teeth, suppression of particular teeth, retention of decidu-
ous teeth, atrophy of the teeth and of deformities of the teeth
and of the jaws can be seen and studied. A careful observer
will be able to see more of the pathological conditions of
the teeth, deformities of the teeth, irregularities of the posi-
tion, etc., in this great clinic than he would observe in many
years of ordinary private practice. A practice of two years
in such a clinic does more to fit a young man for the duties
of the private practice of dentistry than many years of
ordinary office observation could do.
The System of Credits for experience gained in clinical
practice is such as to give each student a fair statement of
what he has done. Instead of counting this by the number
of cavities filled, great and small, as has been the custom,
the credits are awarded in points. The basis of the point
is a small pit cavity in the occlusal surface of a molar, the
easiest cavity to fill. In case of other and more difficult
cavities the credit is given in a number of points propor-
tionate to the difficulties of the individual case. Therefore,
no matter what the difficulties of the case, or the time re-
quired, the credits for experience gained will be in due pro-
portion to the effort required. Hence students undertake
and do all classes of cases, simple or difficult, with equal
DENTAL SCHOOL 33
In clinical operative dentistry each student of the senior
class will be required to present a written description in
detail of the conditions of the patient and of teeth requir-
ing operation, and of the operative procedures in the prep-
aration and filling of four cavities, two gold and two
amalgam, done under the immediate supervision of Pro-
fessor Black, or of assistants whom he may appoint for that
purpose. Recent experience has shown this exercise to be
a very important one to the advancement of the student.
Summer Clinics. — The clinic rooms will be open all the
year for the benefit of students who may wish to have
greater experience in clinical practice under competent
supervision. The number of demonstrators during the
summer will be ample for the class that may choose to
remain with the school. The clinical material is abundant
and a most excellent opportunity is afforded for clinical
Bacteriology will form an important part of the senior
course given by Professor Black. It will be presented espe-
cially in its relations to dental pathology and dental prac-
tice. The student will be familiarized with the general
principles of the subject, with the nature of these growths,
the place they occupy in nature, their physiological pro-
cesses, how and where they grow, how they live, what they
do, and how they produce disease. The differences between
disease-producing and non-disease-producing organisms
will be pointed out.
The micro-organisms of the human mouth will receive
especial attention. They will be collected from patients in
the infirmary and from members of the class in the lecture
room, thus pointing out their natural habitat and the
appearances produced by their natural growth. These will
be cultivated in the various culture media, illustrating the
growths as they appear to the naked eye in such ways as to
illustrate the practical necessities of aseptic operating in
dentistry, when and how dangers of infection arise, and
how to avoid them. Species will be separated by plate cul-
ture, and pure growths of varieties obtained directly from
34 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
the mixed growths gathered from patients and students.
The forms of growth as they appear to the naked eye on
the various culture media will be studied in the lecture room
and laboratory, and the microscopic characters of the or-
ganisms, plans of staining, mounting, etc., will be studied
by sections in the laboratory.
Orthodontia will be taught both didactically and clin-
ically. The subject will be taken up systematically, pro-
ceeding from the normal occlusion to explain the abnormal
arrangements and faulty occlusion of the teeth and of the
irregular forms of the dental arch. These derangements of
alignment of the teeth and the malforms of the dental arch
will be so classified as materially to assist the student in
an understanding of them, and the means and mechanical
arrangements of fixtures to bring the several classes of
irregularities into normal form, or to the best possible form
in individual cases in which the normal cannot be success-
In the clinical work there are often forty to fifty cases
under observation and treatment at the same time, giving
great opportunities for the study of clinical methods and
their results. This demonstrative work will be contem-
poraneous with the lecture work, and all of the aids at pres-
ent developed in methods of teaching this subject will be
in use as occasion demands. The newer features of X-ray
pictures for the determination of the positions of teeth that
from any cause have failed to erupt at the normal time, and
for determining the positions and forms of roots of teeth
that are abnormally placed, are being used, demonstrating
the value of this method of diagnosis in cases of special
Oral Surgery. — Professor Thomas L. Gilmer will have
charge of the department of Oral Surgery. One lecture per
week and a clinic of one and a half to two hours per week,
with appropriate quiz work, will be given during the
term. The course will embrace instruction in the general
principles of surgery and their practical application to
pathological conditions occurring about the mouth and
DENTAL SCHOOL 35
face, giving especial attention to diagnosis and recognition
cf conditions requiring surgical interference. It will include
the extraction of teeth with special attention to the diffi-
culties encountered in cases of malposed and impacted
teeth, the surgical treatment of facial defects and blem-
ishes, the surgical treatment of alveolar abscess, the treat-
ment of caries and necrosis of bones, fractures of the jaws,
including the various devices and methods of fixing and
retaining fractured and displaced bones in position. The
treatment of diseases of the Antrum of Highmore, the diag-
nosis and removal of tumors occurring about the mouth
and face, the exsection of nerves in the surgical treatment
of persistent neuralgias, etc.
The whole clinical course will be an exemplification of
aseptic and antiseptic surgery in its adaptation to, and uses
in, the various phases of the surgical treatment of both
accident and deliberate operative cases.
Anaesthesia will be presented in detail in lectures, experi-
mentally upon animals and in clinical illustration, embrac-
ing all of the agents used for the mitigation of pain.
Nitrous oxide will be exhibited daily in the extracting
clinic, and ether and chloroform in the surgical clinic.
It is especially intended that this course of instruction
shall embrace those conditions which the dentist is likely to
meet in his practice, not omitting careful attention to the
minor surgical operations which the dentist should ordi-
narily do for his patients, while giving an excellent basis of
instruction to those who may aspire to a practice in oral
surgery in the future.
Professional Ethics and Dental Jurisprudence will be
presented by Professor Edmund Noyes and will occupy one
lecture per week during the first semester. It will consist
of a brief statement of the more important principles of
morals, followed by an exposition of the special duties and
moral obligations of professional men in respect to their
patients, toward their fellow practitioners, and toward the
public, for the upholding of the honor and dignity of the
profession. The more important differences between the
36 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
professions and businesses or manufacturing pursuits will
be explained, with reference to the ethical standards that
are right and appropriate in each. The Professor and Fac-
ulty earnestly desire that students understand and appre-
ciate the high standard of moral quality and devotion to
duty which ought to characterize all professional men.
The lectures on Jurisprudence will, in the main, follow
the text-book by Dr. Rehfuss. It will include qualifications
and duties of expert witnesses, the importance of dental
records, etc., as a means of identification, the limitations of
dental practice, the qualifications required, and the liabili-
ties incurred by those who administer anaesthetics, the pen-
alties that may be suffered, and the defense to be made in
case of real or supposed malpractice, and the liability in
case of infection from instruments; the requirements of
the Illinois law and the laws of other states respecting the
practice of dentistry, the steps necessary to become legal
practitioners, the duties and liabilities of dentists with refer-
ence to the law, etc. This course of lectures will be fol-
lowed by an examination at its completion.
SUMMARY OF STUDIES.
Anatomy, two recitations or lectures per week during term.
Anatomy, dissecting the median half of the human body.
Physiology, to Nervous System, two lectures per week.
Histology, one lecture per week.
Histology, laboratory, two hours per week.
Chemistry, lectures and class work, two hours per week.
Operative Technics, three half days per week.
Prosthetic Technics, three half days per week.
Prosthetic Dentistry and Metallurgy, one lecture per week.
Quiz and study hours.
Anatomy, two recitations or lectures per week during term.
Anatomy, dissecting the median half of the human body.
Comparative Dental Anatomy, one hour per week.
Physiology, Nervous System, one lecture per week.
General Materia Medica and Therapeutics, one lecture per week.
Pathology, general, one lecture per week.
Chemistry, laboratory, three hours per week.
DENTAL SCHOOL 3/
Histology, general and dental, one lecture per week.
Histology, laboratory, two hours per week.
Prosthetic Dentistry, one lecture per week.
Operative Dentistry, two lectures per week.
Prosthetic Dentistry, laboratory and infirmary practice.
Operative Dentistry, technics and infirmary practice.
Quiz and study hours.
Dental Pathology, two lectures per week.
Oral Surgery, one lecture per week.
Oral Surgery Clinics, two hours per week.
Orthodontia, one lecture per week.
Orthodontia Clinics, three hours per week.
Dental Jurisprudence and Ethics, about ten lectures.
Prosthetic Dentistry, one lecture per week.
Prosthetic Dentistry, laboratory and infirmary practice.
Operative Dentistry and Bacteriology, two lectures per week.
Operative Dentistry, Recitations, two hours per week.
Operative Dentistry, infirmary practice.
Quiz and study hours.
Anatomy — Morris, Eckley.
Dental Anatomy — Black.
Technical Procedures in Filling Teeth — Black.
Physiology — Kirkes.
Chemistry — Hall.
Histo logy — Pier sol.
Medical Dictionary — Duane, Gould, Thomas.
Anatomy — (Same as first year.)
Technical Procedures in Filling Teeth — Black.
Physiology — Kirkes. (Same as first year.)
Materia Medica — Hare.
Chemistry — Hall.
Comparative Anatomy — Thompson.
Technical Procedures in Filling Teeth — Black.
Oral Surgery — Marshall.
Orthodontia — Angle, Guilford, second edition.
Special Materia Medica — Hare.
Dental Jurisprudence — Rehfuss.
38 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
American System of Dentistry.
Crown and Bridge Work — Evans.
Diseases and Injuries of the Teeth — Smale and Colyer.
Principles of Surgery — Senn.
The American Text-Book of Prosthetic Dentistry — Essig.
The American Text-Book of Operative Dentistry — Kirk.
Micro-Organisms — Abbott.
Micro-Organisms of the Human Mouth — Miller.
Dental Pathology and Pharmacology — Burchard.
Oral Surgery — Gar ret son.
Grays Anatomy, Longs Chemistry, Tomes' Comparative Dental
The instruments essential to the students in the several depart-
ments of the school have been carefully studied and determined.
Much care has been bestowed upon the selection of the instrument
sets that the variety of forms may be sufficient for the student's
needs without being excessive. Close study of this subject and long
and careful observation of students and the progress they make in
the attainment of manipulative skill show their progress to be so
closely related to their instrument equipment that this school must
demand that the instrument sets required be obtained by each stu-
dent as a condition of his continuance in school work.
It is found that a close adherence to the formula plan, in the
study of cutting instruments particularly, is essential in teaching the
important subject of cavity preparation; and this will be carried out
critically in all departments of the school. This teaching is begun
in the technic classes, and the same lines of instruction are followed
progressively by teachers and demonstrators in all of the depart-
ments to the end of the Senior year, the same instrument sets being
used throughout the course of study.
The instrument lists are required because they are essential to
the student's progress, and students must provide them. Students
should not bring with them, nor purchase, instruments of other pat-
terns, for they cannot be received as equivalents of the required sets.
They are the same as those required last year. No student is re-
quired to make changes in his instrument sets during his three years'
course. The instrument lists will be furnished on application.
Written Quizzes and Examinations will be held by the
various professors at intervals during the course, and espe-
cially at, or near, the end of the first semester, or from the
ioth to the 12th of December. A few of these latter, espe-
The next regular session of Northwestern University
Dental School will begin Wednesday, October 1, 1902, in
the new building, purchased and equipped at a cost of
three quarters of a million dollars, situated on the south=
east corner of Dearborn and Lake Streets.
REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION.
Students desiring to matriculate in this school must
bring with them credentials signed by a state, county or
city superintendent of schools or principal of high schools.
These credentials must show the applicant to have pro=
gressed in his studies to the completion of the second year
of high school or its equivalent; these credentials will not
be required of applicants who present diplomas from high
schools or colleges.
NOTE: — Students matriculating for the school session
commencing October 1, 1902, are required to attend three
regular courses of lectures of seven months each before
graduation examinations. Those entering after that date
will be required to take four regular courses of seven
months each, commencing October 1, 1903.
DENTAL SCHOOL 3S
dally in those lecture courses which terminate with the
first semester, will be final examinations, and a few others
will be final upon the subjects passed over. But, for the
most part, they will take the form of written quizzes as an
educational exercise and for determining the progress
being made by the classes as a whole, and by the individual
student. Past experience has shown that the written quiz
is of great value to the student as a training in the forma-
tion of his ideas and in pointing out the particular lines of
his strength or weakness and guiding him in his further
The monthly reports of attendance, and the standing
of pupils in quizzes, recitations, laboratory work and in
infirmary practice, both operative and prosthetic, will be
considered in making up the rating upon final examina-
The final examinations will be held at the close of the
term. Those of the senior class will begin on April 14th
and be completed on the 19th. Those of the junior and
freshman classes will begin April 21st and be completed
on April 29th.
REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION.
A radical change has been made by dental schools in the
methods of examination for admission. Formerly these
examinations were made by the officers of the Dental
School, but the Faculties' Association, at the Omaha meet-
ing in 1898, passed a rule requiring that these examinations
be made by the legally constituted officers of instruction of
the locality in which the applicant resides.
Therefore students desiring to matriculate in this school
must bring with them credentials signed by a County or
State Superintendent of Schools, a City Superintendent of
Schools, or a principal of a high school.
These credentials must show the applicant to have pro-
gressed in his studies to the completion of the first year of
the high school or its equivalent in order to entitle him to
matriculate in this school for the term beginning in Octo-
40 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
ber, i (jo i. These credentials will not be required of appli-
cants who present diplomas from high schools or colleges.
ADMISSION TO ADVANCED STANDING.
Students who present certificates of having taken
courses in other recognized schools which cover subjects
required in this school will be accredited with such studies
if satisfactory to the professors in the respective depart-
REQUIREMENTS FOR GRADUATION.
The degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery is conferred on
such students as complete the course of instruction, having
attended three courses of lectures, the last of which must
be in this school, and passed satisfactory examinations in all
the subjects of study. To be admitted to the degree, the
student must be twenty-one years of age, and possess a
good moral character. He must have paid all fees in full.
The monthly reports of the quizzes and the infirmary
practice of the students will bear very materially upon their
standing at all examinations.
Fees are good until May ist, 1902. The fees are paya-
ble in advance.
Matriculation Fee $ 5.00
General Ticket 100.00
Histological Laboratory Ticket 5.00
Dissecting Fee ( 1 part) 10.00
Matriculation Fee $ 5.00
General Ticket 100.00
Histological Laboratory Ticket 5.00
Dissecting Fee (1 part) 10.00
Matriculation Fee $ 500
General Ticket 100.00
Final Examination Fee 20.00
DENTAL SCHOOL 41
Where it is so desired, the tuition fee may be divided
into two parts, but in such cases an additional fee of $5.00
will be charged. Where the fee is so divided, $65.00 must
be paid on or before the 20th day of October, 1901, and
$60.00 must be paid on or before the 20th day of January,
These conditions cannot be modified except upon the
written consent of the proper officials of the University.
A fee of five dollars must be deposited to cover chem-
icals and breakage in Chemical Laboratory.
All remittances, cheques, money orders, etc., should be
made to the order of Wm. E. Harper, Secretary.
Good board and rooms convenient to the school can be
obtained at prices varying from three dollars and a half to
five dollars a week, according to the accommodations;
also, vacant rooms, without board, furnished or unfur-
nished, can be obtained at from six dollars to ten dollars
per month. G. V. Black, Dean.
It is desirable that students should matriculate early, inasmuch
as the order of assignment of seats is based upon the order of time
in which they matriculate.
For further information and other literature relating tc
the Dental School, address,
Dr. W. E. Harper, Secretary,
Corner Madison and Franklin Streets,
We have ready for the press our Annual Souvenir of half-
tones, illustrating our school and equipment complete, which
wilk be sent postpaid free upon application.
THE ACADEMY OF NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY.
To students pursuing studies preparatory to the Dental
School, the Medical School or the School of Pharmacy, this
Academy, located at Evanston, twelve miles from Chicago,
offers peculiar advantages for special instruction.
For special circular address,
Rev. Herbert F. Fisk, Principal,
42 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
The library, Museum and Reading Room of North-
western University Dental School is maintained especially
for the benefit of its students, but incidentally for the whole
dental profession. It is the intention that they shall be
open to any dentist who may wish to look up any point,
read any article, find any literature not contained in his pri-
vate library, or to inspect any specimens in the Museum.
Indeed, any member of the profession in good standing
may have the use of this Library (under the ordinary library
rules) by simply asking for an admission card.
A Catalogue of the Library and Museum is now beinp-
prepared for publication and will be issued soon, and may
be had by any member of the profession upon application.
To further the interests of this Library and Museum
and render it more valuable to our students and the
general profession, we ask donations of old books and
magazines of every kind pertaining to dental subjects;
(the older these are the more valuable to the Library) in
order that we may render it more complete. There are
many old books out of print, and which cannot be pur-
chased, in the hands of dentists who do not especially care
for them, that would become very valuable to this Library.
Specimens of Abnormal Teeth of every kind are wanted,
every one of which will contribute to the completeness of
this feature of the Museum. Many of these are lost every
year, which, if sent to us, will be mounted, placed in the
cases, properly labeled and classified, and become perma-
nent additions of interest.
It is the intention that this Library and Museum be
continually growing, both by purchase and by contribu-
tions, until it shall become the most complete store of
recorded knowledge of dental subjects in the country, and
that the dental profession of the great Northwest shall have
in it a common interest.
All books and specimens donated to the Library or
Museum will bear the donor's name on the label.
THE DENTAL SCHOOL
Ackerman, Charles, 77/.
Adkins, Robert Alfred, ///.
Akers, John Rankin, la.
Anderson, Morley Walton, Mich.
Appel, Jr., Peter, Colo.
Atterberry, James Graham, Neb.
Austin, John Franklin, Mich.
Baasen, John Baptiste, Minn.
Baird, Guy B., Neb.
Baldwin, Arthur, ///.
Baldwin, James Otho, 77/.
Beadles, Robert Oscar, 77/.
Beebe, William, Minn.
Behm, Louis John, Mich.
Benson, Joseph Lambert, la.
Bevan, James Ambrose, 111.
Bishopp, John Alfred, 111.
Blair, William Frederick, Ont.
Bohman, Otto Ferdinand, III.
Bowen, David Harley, III.
Bradshaw, Duane Franklin, la.
Brock, Harry Martin, III.
Brown, Ferdinand V. Garretson,
Burhans, Percy Alexander, ///.
Burkhart, Charles Hickey, la.
Butler, Josephine K., III.
ButturfT, Rolla Walter, ///.
Cadwell, Clyde, ///.
Carr, Samuel Lester, la.
Chapman, Wesley Harrison, Wis.
Clark, Thomas, Mont.
Clevenger, John William, 5". D.
Coffin, Algie Bruce, Neb.
Cogley, Peter B., Mich.
Coleman, Thomas, Mich.
Collins, George Merrill, Fla.
Conley, Winifred, Wis.
Copple, Enos Eli, Neb.
Corbitt, George Burris, Ont.
Couvrette, George Joseph, Minn.
Cummins, Frank Lawrence, Neb.
Daly, Thomas Hogan, 111.
Davis, Robert Kepler, la.
Day, Ernest Walter, Minn
Deitch, Frank, Mich.
Doherty, Katharyne Alice, Wis.
Donahue, Michael Albert, III.
Demling, Edward Arthur, III.
Emery, Newton Wesley, 5\ D.
Ercanbrack, William Claude, ///.
Erret, George Edwin, la.
Fagg, Dow Marcus, Wis.
Falloon, William Henry, Quebec.
Fawcett, Arthur Clayton, Minn.
Fleming, George K., Colo.
Frank, William Joseph, Wis.
Fritz, Thomas J., Mich.
Gansel, Alvin Robert, Wis.
Garrett, Frank Miles, ///.
Gilbert, Orlando C, Cal.
Gilmore, John Michael, Ont.
Glass, Alfred Wilson, III.
Gordon, Howard Edward, Ind.
Gottfried, Charles Fredrick, Jr..
Gray, William Wallace, S. D.
Griffith, R. Allen, III.
Hacker, Albert Charles, Wis.
Hadfield, Harry Cook, III.
Hansen, Ca. Theodore, Minn.
Hawkes, Arthur John, III.
Heisey, David Judson, Ii.
Henline, Buell, ///.
Hickman, Herbert Eugene, Ind.
Hines, Frank Benjamin, III.
Hoffer, James Jacob, Wash.
Hopwood, Olive Camille, Neb.
Home, John Walter, Scotland.
Hotch, Louis Grant, ///.
Howat, Aleck Densmore, III.
Hughes, David John, III.
Hull, Elmore Thelitis, Wis.
Ireland, Ora Dell, Ore.
Isenberg, Hays Michael, la.
Jarrett, Oro Johnson, Wis.
Jensen, James, Neb.
Johnson, James Philip, ///.
Jones, Carl Lewis, Wis.
t Jones, Harry, Australia.
Jordan, William Henry, III.
Kempter, Anton Raymond, Wis.
Kennedy, Arthur Inglesby, Can.
Kennedy, James Maddigan, Out.
King, William Jasen, Cal.
Kingsbury, Archibald Morgan,
Knapp, George Guy, Colo.
Koch, George Robert Ferdinand,
Kramer, Charles Simon, Neb.
Kremers, Walter Gerhard, Wis.
Kruchevsky, Abe Samuel, 77/.
Krueger, George Eugene. III.
Lacy, Charles Benjamin, la.
Laidlaw, John S., Out.
Landon, Vernon Orlando, hid.
Latcham, Harry Earl, la.
Light, Frank D., III.
Linderoth, Nils Herman, III.
Lovitt, Charles Oscar, III.
Lunak, Joseph Francis, Wis.
t McAllister, Renaldo Eugene,
McCarty, William H., III.
McCormack, Arthur J., la.
McCoy, Thomas Roger, la.
McCrum, Thomas Benton, hid.
t McCulloch, Thomas H., Idaho.
McGowan, John Stewart, Out.
McMaster, William David, la.
McMennamy, Francis Earl, III.
McQuarrie, Kenneth, Out.
Macdonald, John Rae, III.
Mack, George, Mich.
Mahle, Arthur Augustus, III.
Mathews, Lynn Duaine, la.
Mathieu, Wesley John, 77/.
Mathisen, Philip Leopold, Minn.
t Did not complete course.
* Special student.
t Means, Jay, III.
Meeks, Daniel Homer, III.
Meves, Otto Charles, la.
Meyer, Walter Fred, la.
t Meyerhoff, Charles Leslie, la.
Miller, Charles S., ///.
Miller, Frederick, Minn.
Miller, Gus, Jr., Wis.
Milligan, Edward Luke, Man.
Moore, Arthur Timothy, 77/.
Moore, Edward Clements, III.
* Mueller, Frida. Germany.
Nelson, Lewis J., Wis.
Nelson, Melvin Ray, III.
Newton, Herman Christian, Wis.
Nielsen, John Peter, III.
Nisbet, Marshall D., Neb.
Northwood, Reginald Charles,
Nunn, Webster Hamblin, Neb.
Orr, Clark, III.
Oyster, Harry W., ///.
Page, Myrtle Jane, Wis.
Pellett, Frederick Nelson, ///.
Pershing, Royal Strong, ///.
Petry, John, hid.
Phillips, Herbert, ///.
Pottle, Curtis Brackett, ///.
Puckett, Harry Clayton, ///.
Purcell, William Michael, III.
Read, Ervin Clifton, la.
Reece, John S., ///.
Reid, William Hutchinson, ///.
Render, Alonzo Clarence, Okla.
Richards, George Theobald, Wis.
Rohwedder, Herman Harry, ///.
Rossteuscher, Charles Ferdinand.
Ruckman, Robert Jasper, Ore.
Schneider, Adolph Emil, Neb.
Schneider, Leonard Julius, Neb.
Schoch, Andrew Clarence, Ore.
Schulze, Herman Julius, Minn.
Sears, Harry Elmer, III.
Sexmith, Lyman, Wis.
Shanks, Robert Edward, Wash.
Shay, William, 111.
Siebecker, William David, Wis.
Sinks, Omer Francis, I nd.
Skogsborg, Gunnar Herman,
Smith, Charles William, ///.
Smith, Ernest Ray, Wis.
Smock, Grant Hibbard, Pa.
Spalding, John Grant, Pa.
Stevenson, Robert Alexander,
* Stier, Carl, Germany.
Stoffel, Earl Noble, la.
Stokes, Hiram Chandler, 77/.
Strauss, Milton William, hid.
Stroeter, George Williams, Mo.
Sweney, James Thomas, la.
Taylor, Lemmie Em, Tcnn.
Thomas, William Albert, Wis.
Thompson, Joseph Ferdinand,
Allan, Maxwell Sedgwick, Au-
Baker, Josiah William, III.
Bales, Emmor S., la.
Ballou, Louis L., Mich.
Bannister, Guy, Mich.
Barber, Henry Edward, Tex.
Bascombe, Clifford Henry, la.
Baumgarth, Henry, Wis.
Behm, John William, ///.
Bell, John Rex, Neb.
Bergman, Arthur Gustave, III.
Berkey, Hugh Thomas, hid.
Bilek, Joseph Bartley, Austria.
Bixby, Raymond Lee, la.
Bjerke, Hans Kristian, Norway.
Bliss, Gertrude Richards, 77/.
Blount, Anna Bailey, 77/.
Blumenthal, Edwin Martin, Ohio.
Bohrer, Ernest Everet, Mo.
Bollenbach, George William, III.
Bond, John Lofferty, hid.
Borchers, Fred, la.
t Did not complete course.
* Special student. Not candid
Tichy, Joseph, Jr., ///.
Todd, Paul Ives, Cal.
Treen, Thomas Ottaway, Cal.
Tristram, George Thomas, Ore.
t Trumbull, Rollin Smith, ///.
Vogan, John Wilbur, La.
Wait, Mark Leroy, III
Waldberg, Ben, III.
Walsh, William Henry, ///.
Waters, Frederick Horace, la.
Wentworth, George Wilton, Wis.
Werner, Edward August, Mich.
Whitson, Oscar Leroy, la.
Wickham, John Elwood, Ohio.
Wilson Earl Emmans, Minn.
Wisman, Oscar James, Ohio.
Wolfe, Morris Russell, Kan.
Wyatt, Eugene Ripley, Tenn.
t Wygant, Henry Edward, Mich.
Young, Merle Dempster, 77/.
Bostwick, Frank Brown, Ohio.
Boyd, Dei ward James, Ont.
Brandt, Carl Rudolph, la.
Brant, Claude, Ind.
Burrill, Chester Leslie, Minn.
Bushnell, Charles William, Wis.
Caldwell, Wm. Elliott Hughes,
Callow, Joseph Edward, Wis.
Campbell, Peter Alexander, Ont.
Childs, Ralph Sherman, 77/.
Colborn, Lewis Paul, N. D.
Constable, Roy Verner, 77/.
Copple, Plenna Reuben, Neb.
Corbett, James Clinton, 77/.
Corbin, Byron J., 77/.
Cory, Wm, M., Mich.
Cromb, John R., Minn.
Daniels, Charles Lyle, Pa.
Davis, Charles Everett, Wis.
Dorothy, Michael Joseph, 77/.
Dryden, James Mair, Ont.
Dupuy, Thomas Mille, La,
xte for degree.
Eaton. Charles David, ///.
Eckford, J Am. Out.
Ellis, Arthur J., Cal.
Ellis, William Harry, Miss.
Engel, George Louis, III.
Fisher, Frank Edward, Ohio.
Flachtemeier, Arthur Frederic,
Fleming, James Clinton, Wis.
Foster, Charles Gelutiah, la.
Freese, Ernest Clyde, hid.
Fuller, Clark Anthony, Wis.
Galligan, Thomas Francis, la.
Geiger, Emil, 77/.
Gilchrist, Mont Rankin, N. B.
Gill, John Hunter, ///.
Goodman, George Oscar, S. D.
Gregg, Edwin Stanton, Ohio.
Griffith, Edmund Llewellyn, 111.
Grotewohl, Jessie Louise, la.
Guerne, Alfred Augustus, Cal.
Hadley, Chauncey Joseph, la.
Hammond, Roscoe Brant, Okla.
Hancock, Herbert Harold, Wis.
Hardie, John James, 77/.
Hayes, Ira Paul, Neb.
Headley, Sidney, Mich.
Hemphill, Wilbur J., la.
Hess, John Edward Burt, Wis.
Hicks, William Herbert, la.
Himes, Jennie Eva, S. D.
Hodge, Hugh Wallace, Mo.
Holin, Oscar Serenus, 111.
Hullhurst, Lewis, Neb.
Hutchinson, Floyd Milton, la.
Johnson, Charles Emil, Minn.
Jones, John Paul, III.
Keller, David H., ///.
Kennedy, George Alexander,
Kenyon, Ronald Bush, ///.
Kern, Max Stienke, Wis.
Kernan, Joseph Francis, Kan.
Kitchen, Curtis John Burwell,
Kleinecke, Louis Christian, Tex.
Kruchevsky, Samuel, ///.
Lasker, Herman, III.
Lawrence, James Walter, Wis.
Ledbetter, Marion A., la.
Lippert, Joseph, ///.
Lynn, Austin Ames, la.
Lynn, Emery Collins, la.
MacMilan, William Duncan,
McCallum, Frederick William,
McDonough, Joe Chapman, 77/.
McLaughlin, Frank James, la.
McMaster, Glenn, la.
McStay, Earl Edward, la.
Macpherson, Egbert Earl, 77/.
Maginnis, Eugene, la.
Mason, George Neil, 77/.
Maurer, Nellie Ethel, Neb.
Michalski, Frank Alfonzo, Wis.
Miller, Lewis Marcus, Neb.
Minnis, Harry Lee, ///.
Mullican, Lorenza Alverado, hid.
Munson, Robert Hoyle, la.
Nelson, William, la.
Niswander, Charles Harvey, la.
O'Brien, John Denis, Minn.
O'Connel, John Joseph, Mass.
Opland, Joseph Segwart, S. D.
Parkinson, David Talbott, Kan.
Parks, Pearl, ///.
Parks, Robert Smith, Tenn.
Peterson, Walter Emil, Minn.
Piner, Henry Edward, la.
Pol in, Oscar Martin, Wis.
Pool, Hardy Fayette, la.
Poundstone, George Corwin, III.
Price, Frederick Orion, la.
Proctor, William Orson, Mo.
Reese, Elmo David, Wis.
Reible, George, Wis.
Reichert, Charles Scott, la.
Richards, William Freeman, Cal.
Ritson, Joseph Henry, Mich.
Sanford, Charles Wesley, Wis.
Shill, John Edward, hid.
Shumaker, Frank Mead, III.
Silverberg, Henry M., III.
Sinn, Jens Johannes, la.
Smalley, Irwin Delos, Wis.
Smith, Daniel Hallie, ///.
Smith, George Hill, III.
Smith, Julius Waldo, Minn.
Spencer, Edward Albert, Can.
Thomas, Lewis Edwin, 77/.
Thompson, Edwin Cook, ///.
Thompson, Fletcher Hillard, 77/.
Tower, Ray Leighton, S. D.
Tyler, Alva Dwane, Mich.
Uglow, Stanley John, Can.
Ulvestad, Oliver Martin, Minn.
Waddell, William M, Utah.
Speir, Ernest Arthur, Australia. Weir, William Arnold, Can.
Spindlo, Thomas Henwood, £//<
Spires, Louis Edward, Ohio.
Stanley, William Raymond,
Stevens, Wirt Allen, 77/.
Stokes, John Francis, 77/.
Swigert, George Orton, 77/.
Thomas, David Ellis, Wis.
Thomas, Edward Smith, 77/.
Weyhe, Henry Theodore, Minn.
Williams, Fred Hayes, hid.
Williams, Leonard Alphonze, ///.
Wolfe, Edwin Ferdinand, Wis.
Zederbaum, George, III.
Ziegler, Horace Allen, 77/.
Zimmerman, Henry Thomas,
Home, John Walter, Scotland.
Addison, Earl Stanley, ^. D.
Aren, Mrs. Pauline, III.
Bacon, Lee Ashley, 77/.
Baker, Charles Reeder, la.
Baker, John Ellsworth, Wis.
Bane, Raymond Waldo, 77/.
Barber, Edward Sutherland,
Beaumont, Gulie Alexander,
Belknap, Henry Wales, 77/.
Bergbom, George Nathaniel, 77Z.
Bever, Charles B., la.
Blackmore, Earl James, Mich.
Blaisdell, Edward Ward, Minn.
Blake, William E., Ore.
Borjesson, Clarence Edward,
Bradley, Howard, Alansen, 77/.
Bronson, Almon Edson, la.
Brunner, Albert Flenry, la.
Carlile, Walter W., Minn.
Christie, Herbert Franklin, Man.
Church, Truman Tracy, 6. D.
Churchill, Lester Frank, 77/.
Clare, Patrick Henry, III.
Courtice, Andrew John, Can.
Craig, William Pollock, Pa.
Crane, Edwin A., 77/.
Dautrieve, Albert Joseph, La.
Dewey, Hervert Chester, 77/.
Dodge, Morton Stanley, Wis.
Dodge, Wilbert Jacob, Minn.
Doerbecker, John, 77/.
Calvert, Alvah Wort, hid.
Cannon, Mrs. Mae, S. D.
Carlene, Mrs. Helfrid, ///.
Burbank, Glen C, Cal.
Not in attendance.
Edgar, William, 77/.
Ekstrom, Ernest Sune, 77/.
Fisher, Ambrose Terry, Mich.
Forrest, Miss Elvira, Ind.
Fox, George, III.
Gahlman, Edward Frank, Wis.
Gibson, Charles Albert, la.
Gottlieb, David Hart, Ore.
Greeley, Harold Wilcox, 77/,
Grindc, Seward Clarence, Wis.
Grove, George Carlton, III.
Harder, Louis Frank, Wis.
Hart, Charles Simpson, ///.
Hegge, Edward Nelson, Wis.
Heller, Matthew, III.
Heymar, Alfred, Poland.
Hilbert, John Carlton, Wis.
Hopper, Charles, 77/.
Huber, Charles Robert, la.
Huff, Robert E., Mich.
Hughes, John Michael, Wis.
Humphreys, George, Cal.
Ingersoll, Francis Byron, hid.
Jackson, George Raymond, 77/.
Janes, Charles Alonzo, Wash.
Jenkins, Elbert Clyde, 0.
Normoyle, Dennis James, 77/.
Olson, Aaron Miles, 7/7.
Packard, Gerald J., Neb.
Packson, Ernest Shear, Kan.
Patton, Murray Albert, Cal.
Peacock, Mark Stanley, Man.
Phillips, Jesse W., Minn.
Phillips, Warren Byron, Minn.
Pierce, Loren George, la.
Redmond, George Hamilton, Kan.
Roberts, Rufus James, Wis.
Robertson, Arthur Hayes, Wis.
Ross, Herbert, Can.
Rothlisberge*r, Bruce G., Minn.
Runner, Charles Frederick, III.
Sanberg, Frank E., Minn.
Sauer, Andrew William, la.
Schmidt, Oscar Charles, la.
Kerfoot, Newman Jackson, N. D. Schultz, Otto Henry, III.
Kessler, J. Warren, hid.
Kocher, William, III.
Laffitte, Herman James, Wis.
Lampe, Carl Henry, 5\ D.
Land, John Adolph, Germany.
Lawrence, Ivy Garfield, III.
Linaker, George Henry, III.
Lind, Adam, III.
McAvoy, Robert Chris, Can.
McGaw, Andrew Ernest, N. D.
McNinch, Joseph Scott, Ind.
McElroy, Joseph D., 77/.
Mailer, Harry Orlandy, Minn.
Maxwell, Roscoe Conklin, la.
Miller, James Madison, Mich.
Miller, Robert Tatham, III.
Mitchell, William Arthur, III.
Moore, Dwight Edwin, III.
Mullen, George Martin, Neb.
Mullen, Joseph Henry, Neb.
Mullen, William Henry, Neb.
Shiels, Guy James, Wis.
Schmuck, Emil A., Minn.
Shipstead, Henry S., Minn.
Skelly, William Joseph, 77/.
Sloan, Frank Twiss, la.
Smith, Austin Ora, III.
Smith, Charles Edward, 77/.
Smith, Perry Lee, III.
Thayer, William John, 77/.
Theile, Alvin A., la.
Trompen, Andrew Nicholas, Ind.
Waddell, James Clark, ///.
Wagoner, Ben, III.
Walkow, Henry Emil, Wis.
Weaver, Harold Townsend, Neb.
Welke, John Jay, Ohio.
Welsh, Isabella Brown, la.
Welsh, Stanley Carpenter, Wis.
Wenner, Alvah Leroy, 77/.
Wick, William Walter, III.
Woolson, Bert H., Minn.
Murphy, Lloyd Lawrence, Minn. Yeamans, Edwin Glenway, 5. D.
Norman, Mrs. Sarah C, Kan.
Perrigo, Charles H., III.
50 DESTAL school
YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION'.
The Young Men's Christian Association of Northwest-
ern University Dental School is an organization among
the students 01 the school, the purpose of which is to do
Christian work for students. You are invited to become
acquainted with its work. In addition to meetings, Bible
classes, and other religious work, it has made special ar-
rangements to carry out the following:
1. Information Bureau. — During the opening days of
the school a number of upper class men will be at the office
of the Dental School to meet all new students and help
them in any way to get started on their year's work.
2. Boarding House Lists. — Previous to the opening
of the school a committee will have personally inspected a
large number of suitable rooms and boarding places which
they can recommend to students. This will greatly assist
in getting comfortably located.
3. Handbooks. — The Association has issued a leather-
bound vest pocket handbook, containing useful informa-
tion regarding the Dental School, the Y. M. C. A., and the
city. These will be given to every student on application.
A special edition for mailing has been gotten out and will
be sent to any one addressing the president of the Associa-
4. New Students notifying us of the time* and place of
their arrival will be met at the station by one of our num-
ber wearing the Y. M. C. A. badge.
5. Correspondence. — Any further information regard-
ing the Dental School, city or Association can be secured
by writing the president of the Association, C. L. Daniels,
N. U. D. S., 146 Franklin St.
NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 51
THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATION OF NORTHWEST-
ERN UNIVERSITY DENTAL SCHOOL.
OFFICERS FOR 1901-1902.
President, A. V Hargett, D.D.S., Venetian Building, Chicago.
First Vice-President, C. E. Coy, D.D.S., Pullman, 111.
Second Vice-President, Fred W. Parker, D.D.S., 146 Franklin St.,
Treasurer W. E. Harper, D.D.S., 3441 Wabash Avenue, Chicago.
Secretary, G. B. Macfarlane D.D.S., 70 State Street, Chicago.
Elkin W. Fishel, D.D.S., 3448 Wabash Avenue, Chicago.
J. W. Erringer, D.D.S., 47th Street and Calumet Avenue, Chicago.
H. E. Macdonald D.D.S., 47th and State Streets, Chicago.
ASSISTANTS TO EXECUTIVE BOARD.
Henry A. Ware, D.D.S., 204 Cass Street, Chicago.
E. B. Jacobs, D.D.S., Stewart Building.
The object of this Association shall be to revive pleasant mem-
ories and develop new pledges of brotherhood and friendship by
meeting at intervals for social intercourse and mutual counsel.
There will be a clinic held once a year, where the latest and best
methods in dentistry will be presented to the members by competent
The next clinic will be held in February, at Northwestern Uni-
versity Dental School, corner of Franklin and Madison streets, Chi-
cago, followed by a collation in the evening.
The annual meeting will be held at that time, and all members
are requested to be present.
Any graduate of Northwestern University Dental School may
become a member upon payment of the membership fee of $1.00 and
the annual dues of 50 cents.
Any graduate of the University Dental College, or the American
College of Dental Surgery, may become a member upon presentation
of a certificate signed by the Dean and Secretary of Northwestern
University Dental School, accompanied by the membership fee.
All graduates of the School are urged to join this Association
and share in the mutual benefits derived from the maintenance of
fraternal intercourse, and that they may keep in touch with each
other and with their Alma Mater.
For any information address the secretary,
Geo. B. Macfarlane
Room 406, 70 State Street, Chicago, 111.
SCHOOL OF PHARMACY
(ILLINOIS COLLEGE OF PHARMACY, CHICAGO.)
The sixteenth year of the School of Pharmacy begins
September 23d, 1901.
It is the largest institution of its kind west of the Atlantic
Its equipment is unsurpassed.
The laboratories include a General Chemical Laboratory,
a General Pharmaceutical Laboratory, the Laboratory for
Botany and Pharmacography, the Dispensing Laboratory,
the Laboratory for Analytical Pharmaceutical Chemistry and
the Bacteriological Laboratory.
The museums contain several thousand specimens.
A well selected library of over one thousand bound
volumes is open to the classes.
The faculty is composed of well known experienced
The Alumni now number over 1,200, distributed over
fifty-two states, territories and foreign countries.
For further information, apply to the Dean of the School,
Prof. Oscar Oldberg, 2421 Dearborn Street, Chicago.
(Chicago Medical College)
2421-2437 Dearborn St., Chicago, III,
T^HIS SCHOOL was the pioneer in the enforcement of
a standard of preliminary education, the adoption of
longer annual courses, the grading of the curriculum.
The buildings are commodious, the equipment complete,
the clinical material ample. The instruction is individual in
laboratories and clinics.
The following hospitals are affiliated: Mercy Hospital,
500 beds; Wesley Hospital, 200 beds; St. Luke's Hospital,
250 beds; Provident Hospital, 100 beds. Our dispensary
treats over 26,000 patients annually.
For further information address the secretary,
Dr. N. S. DAVIS, Jr., Dean,
2431 Dearborn St., Chicago, 111.
3 0112 105753484